Анотація | Abstract
The Criminal Code of Ukraine contains provisions on the careless form of guilt, but the definition, in fact, has a careless within. Here there is a similar problem, as in the determination of the deliberate form of guilt: the definition of the term “negligence” in Part 1 of Art. 25 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine does not comply with certain rules of legislative formulation of definitions. So, in particular, the legislator violated: 1) the prohibition rule “vicious circle”, since the concept of negligence is proposed to be defined through the concept of criminal arrogance and criminal negligence; 2) the rule of completeness of the wording, since the definition of negligence itself is not provided for, which includes a list of the main features that determine the careless form of guilt. All this necessitates the development of a qualitatively new definition of the concept of a careless form of guilt and its consolidation at the legislative level. The concept of criminal arrogance and criminal negligence should be based on the concept of careless form of guilt and be consistent with it.
The most dangerous manifestations of an unwary form of guilt are the commission of a crime as a result of a deliberate violation of safety rules. In case of an unwary crime, the action of the subject, as a rule, is not aimed at achieving (conscious admission) a socially dangerous consequence. However, the public danger is manifested in the commission of a particular action or inaction, which are manifested in the irresponsible behavior of the subject of the crime and may consist in gross and deliberate violation of safety rules. In criminal law, legal negligence, willful negligence, criminal ignorance, characterizing the careless form of guilt, are also distinguished.