Анотація | Abstract
The article refers to the works of Ukrainian literature, revealing the Holodomor of 1932–1933, and in particular show the causes of hunger, experiences his life on the edge, mass death. Texts describe events in the geography covered by hunger throughout the Soviet Ukraine. Written based on personal experiences, eyewitness stories of family, has a strong autobiographical aspect, features documentary facts, psychology. The scale of death shows such concepts as «extinct village», «died half of village», «empty house», «house-wasteland.»
These are texts of different genres. Their authors are writers of different generations, including those who lived during the Holodomor, and those who learned about the Holodomor tragedy from relatives. The worst consequences of the Holodomor are millions of dead. Therefore, the motive of death is central in these texts. The works tell about the policy of the Bolshevik authorities in Ukraine, which caused mass famine and mass deaths among the Ukrainian population.
The history of the realization of the Holodomor theme in fiction is a part of universal Ukrainian history. At different times, writers have addressed to this topic. At the time of the events, they spoke laconically, hints. The Holodomor was banned in the Soviet Union. Emigrant Ukrainian writers wrote about the Holodomor openly, often publishing their works under pen names. When Ukraine was proclaimed an independent state, many works were written and published in Ukraine about the Holodomor.
The authors who wrote about the Holodomor in prose texts include Ulas Samchuk, Vasyl Barka, Olha Mak, Igor Kachurovsky, Mykhailo Stelmakh, Oles Honchar, Borys Antonenko-Davydovych, Anatoliy Dimarov, Yevhen Hutsalo, Yuri Mushketyk, Oles Berdnyk, Andriy Myastkivsky, Oles Volia, Svitlana Talan, Natalka Doliak, Mykhailo Brynykh and others, in poetic texts – Yuri Klen, Ivan Bahriany, Lina Kostenko, Volodymyr Zabashtansky, Volodymyr Basylevsky, Mykola Tkach, Vasyl Holoborodko, Valentyna Kovalenko, Borys Oliynyk, Abram Katsnelson, Dmytro Pavlychko, Tetiana Vynnyk and others, in drama texts – Oleksa Kolomiyets, Oleksandr Mykhailiuta, Oleksiy Chuhui and others.
Modern youth reflect on the tragedy of the Holodomor. So, on November 21, 2019, students of the Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, during my lecture on the Holodomor in Ukrainian culture, expressed their thoughts on those tragic years. Students Vladyslav Brazhevsky, Bohdan Sychov, Kateryna Hofryk, Kateryna Shvachka, Darya Markovska, Vladyslav Cherevko gave testimonies that are their family stories. The works of Ukrainian fiction, talking about the millions of losses during the Holodomor, stand in the struggle for the right to life, give conclusions what we have to build a state – an independent, economically strong.